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Showing posts with label HEALTH. Show all posts
Showing posts with label HEALTH. Show all posts

Thursday, 17 March 2016

Know More About Pregnancy and Women With Type 2 Diabetes

What’s the difference between type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes?
Does type 2 diabetes pose any risks to my baby or me?
How can I lower my risk for complications to my pregnancy from type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes, a disease that affects millions of Americans, doesn’t have to be a barrier to starting a family. Whether you are able maintain your blood sugar (glucose) levels within normal ranges through healthy lifestyle habits or you have to take medications, your body’s needs will change once you’re pregnant. It’s expected. But by working closely with your doctor or nurse practitioner, you’ll be able to do what is right for you—and your developing baby.

Type 2 Diabetes vs. Gestational Diabetes

With both type 2 and gestational diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or you do produce insulin, but your body can’t use it properly. However, only pregnant women get gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is caused by hormones that help the babies grow and develop, and then it goes away once the women are no longer pregnant. Type 2 diabetes can affect both men and women, and it doesn’t go away.

Both gestational and type 2 diabetes may be controlled through lifestyle habits, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising, or with pills or insulin injections. These treatments are personalized, depending on how severe the diabetes is. Pregnant women who have type 2 diabetes usually have to change their treatments during their pregnancy, to accommodate the growing baby.

Risks for Both You and Baby

If you have type 2 diabetes before you became pregnant or you’re planning to become pregnant, there may be some risks to you or your baby, depending on how severe your diabetes is and how well your blood sugars are controlled. For the baby the risks include:

Being larger than usual at birth
Birth defects
Having high blood sugar levels at birth
Being born prematurely
Experiencing complications associated with being born prematurely
Complications mothers may experience include:

Difficulty delivering because of the baby’s large size
Cesarean section for delivery
Difficulty controlling blood sugar levels
Diabetic complications, such as with vision or kidneys
Preeclampsia, which involves high blood pressure and high protein in the urine
Infections including bladder and vaginal infections
Lowering the Risks

While these risks do exist, there are things you can do to help lower the chances of them happening. This means working to keep your blood sugar levels as close to normal, with as few spikes or drops, as possible. Speak with your doctor or your nurse practitioner to see what you should be aiming for, what your blood sugar level should be before meals and after. They will also let you know how often they would like to see you for checkups or extra blood tests.

Be sure to tell your healthcare professional about all medications you’re taking—for your diabetes and any other health issues you may have—to make sure they are safe for you and your baby. You may need to switch to some different medications during your pregnancy and if you choose to breastfeed after.

Planning Ahead

If you are still in the planning stages of your pregnancy, it’s a good idea to have a thorough physical exam before you stop using your birth control method. This way, your doctor or nurse practitioner can check your weight and blood pressure, and look to see how stable your diabetes is. They will want to see if there’s been any damage to your eyes, nerves or kidneys, as well, which may have been caused by the diabetes. If your blood sugar levels are unstable, it may be best to try to get them under control before becoming pregnant.

Hospitals facilities in 4 states caution of conceivable presentation to hepatitis, HIV

The examination began when somebody purportedly saw a surgical tech slip a syringe loaded with an effective torment solution off a truck in a Colorado working room.

Presently, it's reached out to incorporate healing facilities in no less than three otheIn Colorado, Arizona, California and Washington, about 5,000 patients have been advised they could have been presented to hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV when they experienced surgery. The notification encouraging patients to get tried have started concern and dangers of legitimate activity.

The healing facilities included - no less than six, as indicated by CNN's most recent count - make them thing in like manner: a surgical tech was once on their staff who's blamed for swapping out syringes loaded with the fluid painkiller fentanyl and potentially putting patients' security at danger.

Rough Allen, 28, has been prosecuted on accuses of altering of a shopper item and acquiring a controlled substance by duplicity, government authorities declared a month ago. He's argued not liable in government court in Colorado. The case is set to go to trial in August.

Since the claimed episode at Swedish Medical Center in Englewood, Colorado, first became exposed in February, various clinics where Allen worked before say they've been connecting with patients.

This week, two healing facilities in Washington said they were telling patients and encouraging them to get tried.

Monday, 29 February 2016

Steps to prevent mosquito bites and zika virus

When traveling to countries where Zika virus or other viruses spread by mosquitoes are found, take the following steps:

Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
Stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
Sleep under a mosquito bed net if you are overseas or outside and are not able to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breast-feeding women.
Always follow the product label instructions.
Reapply insect repellent as directed.
Do not spray repellent on the skin under clothing.
If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen before applying insect repellent.
If you have a baby or child:
Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months of age.
Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs, or
Cover crib, stroller, and baby carrier with mosquito netting.
Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin.
Adults: Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face.
Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated items.
Treated clothing remains protective after multiple washings. See product information to learn how long the protection will last.
If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions carefully.
Do NOT use permethrin products directly on skin. They are intended to treat clothing.
Sick with Chikungunya, Dengue, or Zika?  Protect yourself and others from mosquito bites during the first week of illness.

Wednesday, 24 February 2016

What’s the Best Time of Day to Exercise?

With our busy schedules, it’s hard to find the time to exercise.

Between juggling a career, a social life, and binge watching the latest Netflix marathon, it can be difficult to squeeze in workouts even though we know they’re vital to our health and well-being.

However, perhaps it would help our overwhelming schedules to know that when it comes to hitting the gym, exercising at certain times can help maximize our fitness goals.

So, let’s find out: What’s the best time of the day to exercise?

The Case for Working Out in the Morning
Logistically, there are many pros to working out in the morning.

First of all, you’ll get your workout done and over with before you even start your day. That means you’ll begin your day with endorphins, and a good feeling knowing you accomplished something before 9 a.m. that some people won’t accomplish all day. And that’s a huge ego boost.

Furthermore, you won’t have to worry about working out later in the afternoon or evening. This can be a relief, leaving time for cooking dinner, socializing with friends, and just plain relaxing.

The Benefits (According to Science!)
Studies support the notion of working out in the morning hours. A study published in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise evaluated how women responded to food after working out first thing in the morning. When the participants — those of healthy body weights, and those who were obese — walked briskly for 45 minutes, they were less distracted by delicious-looking food photos compared to when they failed to exercise at all.

Building upon this morning activity, on days the participants exercised in the morning, they also increased their physical activity throughout the day more so than days they didn’t exercise in the morning. Additional benefits of hitting the gym in the morning include an increased metabolism, which means you’ll continue to burn calories throughout the day as you consume them rather than at night while you’re sleeping.

Other reasons to work out in the morning? Studies suggest that revving up your fitness regime in the evening could compromise your sleep. Exercise increases your heart rate and body temperature. That means that late night sweat sessions could be hindering your ability to get some shut-eye. Studies have shown that working out at 7 a.m., compared to later in the afternoon or evening, may help individuals get more quality sleep at night.

One more argument making the case for a workout first thing in the morning is that exercising on an empty stomach could burn more fat. Exercisers can burn up to 20 percent more body fat when hitting the gym with an empty stomach. This is a much more attainable feat in the morning, before breakfast, than after a full day during which you should be eating regularly!

The Case for Sweating in the Afternoon, or Night
While it certainly seems like the morning is an ideal time to work out, fitting in exercise in the afternoon or after hours has its proven perks. Planning on an evening workout may mean you get some extra shuteye in the morning. But there are other benefits, too!

The Benefits (According to Science!)
One study found that your body’s ability to perform peaks in the afternoon. Your body temperature increases throughout the day, optimizing your muscle function and strength, enzyme activity, and endurance for performance.

Between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m., your body temperature is at its highest. This may mean you’ll be exercising during the window of time your body is most ready, potentially making it the most effective time of day to work out.

Additionally, oxygen uptake kinetics are faster in the evening, which means you use your resources more slowly and effectively than in the morning. Working out in the morning could also require adding an additional warm up to your routine, which could take away from the focus of your workout.

The case for working out in the afternoon and evening continues. In the afternoon and evening, your reaction time is at its quickest, which is important for exercises like high-intensity interval training (HIIT), or speed work on the treadmill. The late afternoon is also the time when your heart rate and blood pressure are lowest, which decreases your chance of injury while improving performance.

While some may caution individuals about how working out at night can disrupt your sleep, one study even found that those who lifted weights in the evening got better quality sleep and slept for longer than those who did the same workout in the morning.

The Verdict
So what time is best? While the science and studies seem contradictory, one thing is clear: Working out is important, no matter what time of day you do it.

What really matters is that you find a time of day that works for you and that fits your schedule, and then stick to it. By keeping your workout regime consistent at the same time every day, you could be making greater training gains. And isn’t that what really matters?

Put A Stop To Bad Breath

Written by Anna Schaefer
Medically Reviewed by Peggy Pletcher, MS, RD, LD, CDE on February 9, 2015
man smelling breath
Sometimes you can taste it — after a particularly pungent meal or when you wake up in the morning. Other times, the people around you can smell it, backing away slightly when you talk. Simply brushing your teeth can sometimes make your breath presentable again. But for some people, eliminating bad breath can be tricky.

Halitosis, the technical name for bad breath, is the third most common cause of dental visits. Bad breath is embarrassing, but it is often easily treatable. While bad breath can sometimes be attributed to gum disease or even liver disease, many times the cause is simpler and can be treated with natural and easily accessible remedies.

1. Clean Your Tongue
You likely already brush your teeth twice a day, but do you clean your tongue? When your tongue isn’t directly cleaned, a coating can build up. Often, it’s this coating that leads to bad breath. In the lab, tongue cleaning paired with tooth brushing was better at treating halitosis than brushing alone. You can simply use your toothbrush to clean off your tongue, making it part of your twice daily routine, or you can buy a tongue scraper designed specifically for the job. Many toothbrushes even have a tongue scraper on the other side of the bristles!

2. Drink Green Tea
Green tea is both easy to find and possibly effective as a natural treatment for bad breath. It’s believed that the antioxidants within the tea combat the sulfur compounds that cause halitosis. Some research indicates the antioxidants can even protect against cavities. One study found that green tea was more effective at fighting bad breath than either mints or gum.
3. Chew Gum
While you already associate chewing gum with fresh breath, the odor of the gum isn’t the only way it can fight halitosis. Dry mouth can increase the likelihood of bad breath, and gum helps stimulate saliva production. Research has indicated that the advertising from gum makers isn’t entirely hype — gum can make your breath smell better, both to those around you and yourself.

4. Take K12 Supplements
Bad breath is caused, in part, by the presence of stinky bacteria in the mouth. Get rid of the bacteria and you get rid of the problem. Much in the way that “good” bacteria are recommended to keep the digestive system in balance, K12 may be able to help balance bacteria in the mouth. Streptococcus salivarius K12 is a bacterium itself and has been shown to promote oral health and eliminate the bacteria that cause bad breath. It’s available in supplement form.

5.. Practice Oil Pulling
Oil pulling is an Indian folk remedy that’s been growing in popularity over the last several years. Traditionally, the process of swishing oil in your mouth for several minutes before spitting it out is said to have numerous oral and physical health benefits. One study found oil pulling to be just as effective as a prescription mouthwash in the treatment of bad breath. Sunflower and sesame oils are popular choices, and are both widely available.

The Takeaway
Bad breath is embarrassing and can even hurt your social life. While dentists may be able to prescribe mouthwashes and other potentially costly treatments, the above options are easy to find and could eliminate your bad breath.

Wednesday, 15 July 2015

Softener' may help kill cancers

t might be conceivable to "mellow up" tumors before hitting them with chemotherapy drugs, scientists recommend.

A study, distributed in the Cancer Cell, revealed how tumors can get to be impervious to normally utilized medications.

The University of Manchester group recommend tranquilizes as of now being developed may have the capacity to counter this imperviousness to make chemotherapy more successful.

The methodology has not yet been tried in individuals.

The group were taking a gander at a class of medications called taxanes, which are utilized to treat a scope of malignancies including bosom and ovarian.

The exploration bunch at the University of Manchester were attempting to decide how taxanes work.

By examining destructive cells developing in the lab they found themselves able to indicate how the class of medications trigger malignancy cells to slaughter themselves.


In any case, in the meantime they found a key contrast between growths that were helpless to the medications and those which were inalienably safe, or later created resistance.

The discovered elevated amounts of one protein, known as Bcl-xL, in those cells that were opposing treatment.

Be that as it may, medications are being developed which can kill Bcl-xL's belongings.

One of the analysts, Prof Stephen Taylor, told the BBC News site: "Possibly consolidating this with taxanes you could take safe [cancers] and make them delicate.

"These new inhibitors would basically mellow up the disease cells so when they are dealt with they are more inclined to kick the bucket."

The group need to test their methodology on tests of a quiet's disease and in addition in creatures studies.

One worry will be whether making growths more defenseless against chemotherapy would likewise make solid tissue more helpless and expand the dangers of reactions.

Dr Emma Smith, senior science data officer at Cancer Research UK, said: "In situations where patients don't profit by taxane-based chemotherapy, specialists could include drugs that objective Bcl-xL to defeat tumor's guards.

"It's still early days for this exploration be that as it may, if the outcomes are affirmed in clinical trials, it can possibly enhance treatment for a large number of growth patients."

Sunday, 21 June 2015

Def Leppard guitarist pulls out of tour after cancer returns

Def Leppard guitarist Vivian Campbell is pulling out of the rock band's tour after his cancer returned.
Campbell, 52, announced two years ago that he was getting chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma, which affects the lymphatic system.
He later said he was in remission.
"I'm saddened by the fact that my cancer has returned," he said in a statement Saturday. "However, I'm beyond consolation that its return will prevent me from being able to do my job for a while."
Campbell joined Def Leppard in 1992. Before that, he was in a series of other bands, including Whitesnake and Shadow King.
The band is on the North American leg of its tour, and is scheduled to perform Tuesday in Tampa, Florida.

Wednesday, 18 February 2015

A radical new approach to vaccination seems to completely protect monkeys from HIV, US scientists report.

Vaccines normally train the immune system to fight an infection.
Instead, researchers at the Scripps Research Institute in California have altered the DNA of monkeys to give their cells HIV-fighting properties.
The team describe it as "a big deal" and want to start human trials soon. Independent experts say the idea is worth "strong consideration".
This technique uses gene therapy to introduce a new section of DNA inside healthy muscle cells.
That strip of DNA contains the instructions for manufacturing the tools to neutralise HIV, which are then constantly pumped out into the bloodstream.
Experiments, reported in the journal Nature, showed the monkeys were protected from all types of HIV for at least 34 weeks.
As there was also protection against very high doses, equivalent to the amount of new virus that would be produced in a chronically infected patient, the researchers believe the approach may be useful in people who already have HIV.
Lead researcher Prof Michael Farzan told the BBC: "We are closer than any other approach to universal protection, but we still have hurdles, primarily with safety for giving it to many, many people.
Shifting target "We're very proud of it and we think it's a big deal, but we are biased."
HIV vaccines have struggled because the virus mutates so rapidly it is a constantly shifting target.
This one targets areas that HIV struggles to change.
"The real strength of this thing is that it is more potent than any antibody," Prof Farzan said.
However, there are safety questions.
After conventional vaccination, the immune system responds only after it is presented with a threat.
The gene therapy approach turns cells into factories that constantly spew out the artificial HIV-killers, and the long-term implications of that are unknown.
'Important step' The team want to begin trials in patients who have HIV but are unable to take conventional drug therapies within the next year.
Prof Nancy Haigwood, of Oregon Health & Science University, commented: "In the absence of a vaccine that can elicit broadly protective immunity and prevent infection, and given the lack of major breakthroughs on the horizon to provide one, the idea of conferring potent, sustained vaccine-like protection against HIV infection through gene therapy is certainly worth strong consideration."
Dr Anthony Fauci, of the US National Institutes of Health, said: "It would be advantageous to curb HIV infection without daily antiretroviral drugs because of their cost, the potential for negative side-effects from lifelong therapy, and the difficulties some patients have adhering to daily drug regimens and tolerating certain drugs.

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